Migration has become a feature of the modern, global landscape. According to the United Nations, 14 per cent of the world’s estimated 258 million migrants are children and young people (UNCF, 2017).
As in many other countries, migrant populations in Scotland, Finland and Sweden have increased substantially in recent years, with increased numbers of migrants who identify as asylum seekers or refugees.
This increase in migration has put considerable strain on receiving school systems in many countries. Countries have differing policy approaches to the education of migrants, arising from historical or contextual factors. While there are some similarities between Scotland, Finland and Sweden in this respect, it is important to understand the dynamics and effects of different systems, approaches and resources, in order to gain greater understanding.